Wings To Rockets!

 

Wings To Rockets!

Presented by: Ashley Smith, Kano Clark, Kim Beech, and Kano Clark


Mission Statement:
By wheel and boat, early man learned to traverse the Earth and Seas. Conquering skies, however, proved to be a far more challenging task. For centuries, we have looked to the clouds and beyond with wonderment, searching for a way to overcome and defeat gravity. Join us as we explore Man’s loftiest ambition: From Wings to Rockets; The pursuit of FLIGHT

Philosophy:
Throughout history, Man has consistently sought to exceed the limitations which confine him. By learning to fly, we have crossed oceans and continents with record speed and taken our first steps on the moon. It is our shared belief, however, that the pursuit of flight is more than a more quest for faster transportation.
 The freedom of flight represents the culmination of our creativity and perseverance a testament to our unwillingness to be bound or restrained. In learning about our triumphs and failures in aviation, we witness firsthand the indomitable nature of Man’s imagination.

Guiding Questions:
•    Why is flight important?
•    What does flight represent?
•    What are some of the historical influences on the successors of aircrafts?
•    What were some of the causes of aircraft failures?
•    What is the role of imagination in creating variations of flight?
•    What are the advantages of flight?
•    Why does humanity want to defy the constraints of gravity?

Focusing Questions:
Core:
•    How important is the planning process of constructing an aircraft?
•    What are the chief responsibilities of the Federal Aviation Administration and National Aeronautics and Space Administration?
•    What are some of the most successful historical flights?
•    How are all aircraft propelled?
•    What are the passions that led to flight?
•    How has aviation technology affected the growth and spread of culture and ideas?

Connection:
•    How does aviation have an effect on today’s travel?
•    How would society be different if we all had a flying aircraft?
•    How did previous failures contribute to today’s aircrafts?
•    How would society be different if aircrafts were never invented?

Identity:
•    What would you do to counteract your failure?
•    What thinking capabilities and creative responses would an ideal pilot have to possess?
•    Speculate how aircrafts will be improved in your lifetime.
•    In your opinion, should propeller planes be replaced with engine planes?

Practice:
•    Why should we continue to research innovative ideas in creating aircrafts?
•    What are the various uses in aircraft?
•    What occupations could you obtain with a pilot’s license?
•    Why should we study the historical significance of aircraft technology?

Concepts:
Imagination, Creativity, Exploration, Experiment, and Creative problem solving

Experiences:

Introduction:

Pretest
•    Discussions on how humans fly without aid.
•    Introductions
•    History of aircraft
•    Discussion

Kites:
Students will view a PowerPoint on the history of kites and how the Wright brothers used built a small maneuverable kite to verify their ideas. Students will create their own impression of how they want their kite to look. They will learn that no matter what kites look like they all have the same force.

Gliders:
Students will view a PowerPoint on the history of gliders and how Sir George Cayley is considered the father of aerodynamics. Students will create /decorate their own version of how a glider should look and assemble a high flying glider.

Hot Air Balloons:
Students are continually building to the level of self flight and hot air balloons are the second level. They will view a PowerPoint discussing the jargon and vocabulary of aerodynamics in the capacity of balloons. Students will view a you tube video of how to make a hot air balloon. Students will create their own hot air balloon and understand why and how it works.

Airplanes:
Students will watch a short PowerPoint showing picture of the Wright brothers and their plane/bicycle/accomplishments.
Orville and Wilbur Wright reached great accomplishments in the study of flight. Students will be introduced to Orville and Wilbur Wright and their accomplishments regarding the first powered airplane.
The Teacher will show students a model Wright Airplane from 1902.
Students will also be introduced to the history of Alcock and Brown’s Transatlantic Flight non-stop across the Atlantic Ocean in 1919.  Students will listen to an abbreviated version of the steps taken by Alcock and Brown before, during, and after the famous non-stop flight with the lights off lying in the floor. Students will then write a description of how they interpreted Alcock and Brown’s feelings before, during, and after the flight.

Jets:
Jets have played an important part in world war and global transportation. Students will use library books to research different style/kinds of aircraft.
The Teacher will show a short PowerPoint of the many different types of jets/planes with motors.
The Teacher will show and pass around a model Hornet Blue Angel jet. Students will observe its detailing and structure.
Students will utilize the computers to play airplane games on Flight Simulator X. This will give students an idea of how to maneuver planes while engaging in action.

Helicopters:
Students will be introduced to Igor I. Sikorsky and his development of the helicopter.  We will collectively discuss the uses and kinds of helicopters while passing around a model of a helicopter.
Students may go online to view types of helicopters and its uses to http://www.allstaraerial.com/aircraft_types.htm.
Students will engage in becoming a helicopter pilot at griffin=helicopters.co.uk

Rockets and beyond:
The teacher will open with PowerPoint presentation about the history of rockets and space travel. The students will learn about the basic principles of aeronautical engineering, such as thrust and propulsion. The students will construct simple designs of rockets. The students will build larger scale models of rockets and execute launches.The students will visit the NASA website to view photos/film from actual launches and missions.

Culminating activity: 
Students will compare the different types of aircraft and discover that humans invented these types of devices only because they wanted to soar much like the supernatural. Students will then reflect back to each type of aircraft and distinguish what made each one successful. Through thorough research and indistinguishable faith the students will create their own costume and attempt to create a flying cape. The students will then compile a booklet describing and illustrating their “Journey to Flight”.

Exit:  Post Exam and receive their pilot’s license

Outcomes

Thinking Skills:    
•    Demonstrate the ability to sue creative thinking skills
•    Participate in spontaneous thinking skills

Group Dynamics:
•    Demonstrate the ability to develop new knowledge from what is known
•    Demonstrate task commitment

Research:
•    Utilize ability to make interdisciplinary connections
•    Utilize inductive and deductive reasoning skills

Self Directed learning
•    Utilize decision making skills
•    Utilize risk taking abilities

References
•    De Seversky, A. (1942). Victory through airpower. Simon and Schuster.
•    Freudenthal, E. (1949). Flight into history.  University of Oklahoma Press.
•    Musciano, W. (1953). Building and flying scale-model aircraft. The McBride Company, New York.
•    Munson, K. (1966). Fighters. The McMillan Company, New York.
•    Munson, K. (1966). Bomberes. The McMillan Company, New York.
•    Munson, K. (1967). Civil airliners since 1946. The McMillan Company, New York.
•    Munson, K. (1967).Private aircraft, business and general.  The McMillan Company, New York.
•    Whitenhouse, A. (1971). The military airplane. Doubleday and Company, Inc.

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